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Vol. 48 No.07

How to Improve Club Bylaws

by William Dilley

Will Dilley is one of the attorneys who participated in the review of our Club's Bylaws. He will be speaking to us to answer questions about the problems he sees in our Bylaws, to give us more details about how those problems affect an organization like ours, and to suggest ways the Bylaws could be improved.

He was born and raised in Miami, Florida. In 2013, after graduating from Florida Atlantic University with a Bachelor's of Business Administration, double majoring in Management and Marketing, he earned his Juris Doctor cum laude from Nova Southeastern University, Shepard Broad College of Law.

Prior to joining The Law For All, P.A., Will represented multi-national retail giants, global logistics companies, and some of the largest insurance companies in the world. As lead Trial Attorney and head of the Litigation Department, Will currently focuses on representing individuals, professionals and small businesses alike in claims involving fraud, deceptive trade practices, trade secret disputes, intellectual property rights, breach of contract, property disputes, construction disputes, will and trust disputes and general commercial litigation matters throughout the State of Florida.

Will is admitted to practice law in the State of Florida and in the United States District Court for the Southern District of Florida, and possesses diverse litigation experience in both the state and federal trial courts. Becoming a member of the team at The Law For All, P.A. has allowed Will to combine his extensive litigation experience with his passion for all things business related.

Will splits his time between Fort Lauderdale, Florida and the Florida Keys, where his family has resided for nearly thirty years. Having represented numerous corporate and insurance giants, it is his professional mission to take everything he has learned and bring effective and efficient resolutions to all of his clients' disputes with a level of creativity, outside-the-box thinking and highly personalized service that you just won't find with "big firm" representation.

Presidents Waves

June 28, 2020 4:23 PMRoger Cooper

We have been learning more about the best ways to conduct Zoom meetings. Therefore, let's set down some ground rules that should make for a better meeting all around.

Zoom Meeting Ground Rules:

  • We will have 20 minutes of social time before the presentation starts. Everyone will be able to mute and unmute themselves to speak during that time. It will be great to see everyone! Keeping your mic muted while listening is common courtesy for meetings over 8-10 attendees.
  • When it is time for the presentation, the host will mute everyone except for the presenter. After that, you will not be able to unmute yourself.
  • Use Chat to send questions and comments during the presentation. The presenter will respond to questions at the appropriate time in the presentation.
  • If you wish to speak, use the Raise Hand feature in Zoom (see below) to let the host know. The host will unmute you when it is your turn to speak. Please keep comments to a minute or two. The host will mute your microphone before moving to the next raised hand.

 How to use the Raise Hand feature in the Zoom App on a computer:

  1. At the bottom of the Zoom window, click on the Participants button.
  2. That will open the Participants window. At the bottom of that window you should find the Raise hand button. Click that button.
  3. Then in the list of participants, everyone will see a blue hand symbol next to your name. Also, in Gallery view, a white hand within a blue square appears in the corner of your picture. The host will see those symbols and know you wish to speak. The host can lower your hand when you are done speaking.

If you would like to view free Zoom tutorials, you can find them here. Or you can take a free Zoom class from Geeks On Tour here.

Don't forget to keep checking our Facebook page for the interesting articles Howard is posting. https://www.facebook.com/usadiveclub

Happy diving,

Roger Cooper

Overseas Dive Trips

Local Diving

  • No upcoming local dives


  • No upcoming mini-trips

Social events

  • No upcoming social events

Hospitality Hut

Clare Florio Anthon

Hello From The Hospitality Hut!

We have all been through some very hard months.  It has been a challenge but if we all keep paying attention and respect each other's space, we may soon be able to resume some form of "normal" life.

Some of us continue to visit through ZOOM meetings, some on Face Time or other social media venues.  It is very important to keep in contact with friends and family at times like this, especially those who are alone.   

The Club had a general meeting last moth.  It was nice to see those who could make the time to attend.  Hopefully more of you will be available for future meetings

I encourage you to visit our home page www.usadiveclub.org. 

Please click on the calendar and keep up to date on all the diving and non-diving scheduled activities. You may also take a look at the photo gallery and take a peek at past events.

I wish you all Happy Diving,

Clare Anthon

Hospitality Coordinator


Dear Members and Want to be Members,

Hello Members from the Membership desk.  Our club continues virtual meetings to keep everyone safe. Please stay tuned to our Zoom meetings and be aware that someday we will meet in person again.

In the mean time hopefully you are doing your best to contain this deadly virus so we can one day safely greet each other in person.

Members continue "unofficial club" diving with local vendors who are themselves meeting local health guidelines.   Our next general meeting is July 9th so come join us "virtually" on Zoom.  Stay safe,  Eunice & Stephanie.


Yours truly,  Stephanie & Eunice

(your volunteer membership chairs)
USA Dive Club Membership

Come join the fun. 

Eunice Hamblen                                Stephanie Voris
Membership Coordinators

USA Club Announcements Alert

Please check your spam folder for club emails that coming from our Google Groups email system. Several members have commented that they are not receiving certain announcements that have been sent out. Spam filters are triggered by emails that are sent to numerous email addresses with the same content.

This may be where your club communications are.


Copyright Disclaimer under section 107 of the Copyright Act of 1976, allowance is made for “fair use” for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, education and research. Fair use is a use permitted by copyright statute that might otherwise be infringing.

New Advice Cautions Against Rushed Return to Diving for Coronavirus Patients

By Mark 'Crowley' Russell

The Coronavirus pandemic has already had a devastating impact on the scuba diving world – but there's another question on divers' minds: 'What happens if I get it? Can I dive after COVID-19?' And the answer is not straightforward.

An article published in the German magazine Wetnotes (click here for a Google Translated English version) on 15 April gives an insight into the medical problems that scuba divers who have contracted SARS-CoV-2 might face. In it, Dr Frank Hartig, a senior consultant and response crisis coordinator/disaster officer for SARS-CoV-2 at Innsbruck University Hospital in Austria – and a scuba diver himself – describes some of the problems he has already encountered as a physician.

The acronym SARS – as in SARS-CoV-2, the official name of COVID-19 – stands for Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome. SARS attacks the lungs, and while research into the long-term effects of the novel coronavirus is only just beginning, its physical impacts are all too tragically well known. Lung damage caused by conditions such as pneumonia and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) has been widely reported. It is also known to attack other organs, including the heart, although cardiac damage may go unnoticed until the heart is actually checked. Although we might not know much about the coronavirus itself, it has long been established that scuba diving with a compromised cardiopulmonary system can lead to serious injury, even death.

In his article, Dr Hartig describes his involvement with six active scuba divers who were hospitalised with conditions brought on by SARS-CoV-2 and who subsequently recovered and were discharged. When they returned for a check-up several weeks later, they all outwardly appeared to be healthy, but a closer examination proved otherwise.

'The first checks of these six divers, who came to the check-up clinically healthy after 5 to 6 weeks, are interesting,' writes Dr Hartig (translated from German). 'In two of them, we saw significant oxygen deficiency when under stress as a typical sign of a persistent pulmonary shunt. In two others, bronchial tubes were still very irritable during exercise, as in asthmatics. Four of the six divers in the check-up CT [scan] still had significant lung changes. None of the six divers can be released for diving for the time being, despite their wellbeing.'

Exercise-induced asthma is a well-known contraindication to diving, and in layman's terms, a pulmonary shunt is when blood fails to pick up more oxygen as it passes through the lungs, which leads to the body being starved of oxygen. It is often caused by fluid in the lungs, also the result of pneumonia and pulmonary oedema, a condition becoming widely recognised as a leading cause of diver fatalities. 

At this stage, any questions over long-term damage to the lungs caused by SARS-CoV-2 would be entirely speculative, but it is clear from Dr Hartig's assessment that divers who have been affected by the coronavirus should not dive until they have had a thorough medical examination – even if they otherwise appear healthy. As Dr Hartig notes, if proper precautions are not taken, 'Young, COVID-healthy people who want to dive again quickly and appear healthy at first could [slip through our fingers].'

A report published on 12 April by the Belgian Society for Diving and Hyperbaric Medicine gives advice to scuba divers who may have contracted and recovered from Covid-19 based on current medical knowledge. To summarise, the report states that:

1.                    Risk of Infection: Someone who has been infected with COVID-19 can still spread the virus to others. In a diving context that would be especially likely when conducting air sharing or rescue training exercises. Before returning to diving, divers should, therefore:

·                                      Wait a minimum of two, preferably three months, if they had symptoms of the virus 

·                                      Wait a minimum of one month if they tested positive for the virus but were asymptomatic.

·                                      Those who have not been tested and never had symptoms may still be susceptible to infection and should 'observe a waiting period' after lockdowns are lifted, which may be variable depending on location and type of diving.

·                                      Divers and dive centres should strictly observe guidelines for gear disinfection as distributed by DAN

2.                    Risk of Pulmonary Barotrauma: People who have had COVID-19 may have significant damage to their lungs for an unknown period of time, possibly permanently, and therefore have an increased risk of pulmonary barotrauma – or lung overexpansion injury – even if they don't make rapid, breath-holding ascents. A diver who was hospitalised with lung-related problems should wait at least three months and undergo complete pulmonary function testing and a high-resolution CT scan of the lungs before returning to diving. Divers who had lung-related symptoms but were not hospitalised are still strongly recommended to have the test.

3.                    Risk of Cardiac Events: Damage to the heart caused by COVID-19 may go unnoticed during the acute phase of the disease, but may lead to heart failure during diving. Therefore, it is recommended that a diver who was hospitalised with cardiac or pulmonary symptoms should, after the three-month waiting period, undergo a thorough cardiac evaluation with echocardiography and exercise testing (exercise electrocardiography – sometimes called the 'stress test'). Those who had symptoms but were not hospitalised are strongly advised to have the tests as well.

  1. Pulmonary oxygen toxicity: It appears that some COVID-19 patients' symptoms worsened after being given pure oxygen. Although little is known about an increased pulmonary sensitivity to oxygen, the report suggests it would be 'prudent' to avoid technical diving involving the prolonged breathing of hyperoxic gas with a pO2 of 1.3 ATA or higher. Simple nitrox diving (maximum pO2 of 1.4 ATA) should not present any problem.
  2. Decompression illness: tiny bubbles of inert gas form even on normal dives and are safely eliminated through the lungs during breathing. However, damage to the lungs may prevent the lungs' 'bubble filter' from working and lead to an arterial gas embolism or other form of decompression illness. Ddivers who have suffered from pulmonary symptoms of COVID-19 should, therefore, remain well within the no-decompression limits of their dives.

Click here for the full report (available in French, Dutch and English)

A complete assessment of the problems that divers might face following a COVID-19 / SARS-CoV-2 infection is undoubtedly many months away and, as Dr Hartig notes, any long-term medical advice will remain speculative until clinical trials have been conducted. 

In the short-term, however, the advice is clear. SARS-CoV-2 can damage the lungs and the heart. Scuba diving with damage to any part of the cardiovascular system can lead to serious injury and death. Much as we might all wish to rush back into the water as soon as we can, doing so without proper medical consideration may cause more harm than good.


(Suspended until live meetings are allowed to resume)

USA's Lobster Pot drawings Include CASH prizes, and a variety of PRIZES donated by South Florida Dive Shops,
other Sponsors or Club Members.

Funds from ticket donations help to support our many club activities. Congratulations to all our Lobster Pot participants. Be sure to visit our Local dive shops who support us and say 'Thanks'.

Bulletin Board1

Place an ad to buy or sell gear, or promote a dive related event that will be of general interest to club membership. Email your ad to newsletter@usadiveclub.com


Women’s 5mm Scubapro wetsuit. (Worn one week.) Size: M/L. $75.

Marie York 561.222.1478 or artist@marieyork.com



Dell 2400mp projector.  Includes manual, remote, power cord, new spare lamp.  $100. Contact avguy@usadiveclub.com.

WANTED: A console that will hold an Oceanic computer and already has a pressure gauge in it.

Gary Sharp



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